Cite this paper:
Tian YAN. The “harmful algae and algal toxins in coastal waters of China: investigation and database” project[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2022, 40(6): 2081-2093

The “harmful algae and algal toxins in coastal waters of China: investigation and database” project

Tian YAN1,2,3
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China;
3 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
The “harmful algae and algal toxins in coastal waters of China: investigation and database” project (HAATC) is funded (US$2.3 million) by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China for 60 months starting on the 1st Jan 2019. Since the 1990s, national projects and other related work have greatly improved harmful algal bloom (HAB) research in China. However, the existing research on HABs is often limited to specific sea areas or specific algal bloom disasters, which is insufficient for understanding the longterm evolution of HAB occurrence under the influence of intensified human activity and global change. The HAATC project intends to determine the overall distribution of marine harmful microalgae and macroalgae, and marine algal toxins (in phytoplankton and shellfish) through a large-scale investigation in the coastal waters of China and continuous investigation in key sea areas. It also aims to observe biotic and abiotic processes during harmful red tides and green tides, and establish an open database and query platform of HABs in China. The research consortium, led by chief scientist Prof. Tian YAN, includes approximately 100 scientists and students. More than 2 years of work have shown the increased distribution of HAB species (including cysts) and algal toxins in China’s coastal waters, the increased occurrence of macroalgae blooms (mainly by Ulva prolifera and Sargassum horneri) in the Southern Yellow Sea, increased amount of causative species being identified due to the use of molecular technologies in taxonomy, and new records of algal toxins such as azaspiracid, cycloimines and neurotoxins β-N-methylamino-l-alanine have been detected, which complicates the research in algal toxins and toxicology. Eventually, the project will provide systematic basic data and techniques for the rapid and accurate identification of harmful algae species to support the research, monitoring, and control of harmful algal blooms, as well as seafood safety management in China.
Key words:    harmful algae|algal toxins|coastal waters of China|database   
Received: 2022-04-03   Revised:
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