Cite this paper:
Yingjie LI. Redox control of magnetosome biomineralization[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2021, 39(6): 2070-2081

Redox control of magnetosome biomineralization

Yingjie LI
State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China
Magnetotactic bacteria can orientate in the Earth’s magnetic field to search for their preferred microoxic environments, which is achieved by their unique organelles, the magnetosomes. Magnetosomes contain nanometer-sized crystal particles of magnetic iron minerals, which are only synthesized in lowoxygen environments. Although the mechanism of aerobic repression for magnetosome biomineralization has not yet fully understood, a series of studies have verified that redox modulation is pivotal for magnetosome formation. In this review, these advances in redox modulation for magnetosome biosynthesis are highlighted, mainly including respiration pathway enzymes, specific magnetosome-associated redox proteins, and oxygen- or nitrate-sensing regulators. Furthermore, their relationship during magnetosome biomineralization is discussed to give insight into redox control and biomineralization and inspire potential solutions for the application of respiration pathways to improve the yields of magnetosome.
Key words:    magnetotactic bacteria|magnetosome|biomineralization|respiration|redox control   
Received: 2020-11-03   Revised: 2020-12-15
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