Cite this paper:
Lizhou LIN, Haifeng GU, Zhaohe LUO, Na WANG. Size-dependent spatio-temporal dynamics of eukaryotic plankton community near nuclear power plant in Beibu Gulf, China[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2021, 39(5): 1910-1925

Size-dependent spatio-temporal dynamics of eukaryotic plankton community near nuclear power plant in Beibu Gulf, China

Lizhou LIN, Haifeng GU, Zhaohe LUO, Na WANG
Department 1, Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Xiamen 361005, China
Pico- and nano-eukaryotic plankton are important members of marine ecosystems. To understand their community structure and spatio-temporal variations in the Beibu Gulf, and to study the impact of Changjiang Nuclear Power Plant (CNPP) located in the northwest coast of the Hainan Island on the eukaryotic plankton, we studied these issues in the coastal water near CNPP bimonthly from February 2018 to January 2019 via 18S Illumina sequencing. The results reveal a higher genetic alphadiversity and less beta-diversity of the plankton community in small-size (0.45-5 μm and 5-20 μm) fractions than in large-size (20-200 μm and >20 μm) fractions. The small-sized phytoplankton, including Micromonas (Chlorophyta) and Minutocellus (Bacillariophyta), as well as heterotrophic plankton, including Paraphysomonas (Chrysophyceae), Ellobiopsis (Dinoflagellates), and Syndiniales (Dinoflagellates), took up a considerable proportion in eukaryotic plankton community. In addition, it showed a slight temperature increase and no significant difference in eukaryotic plankton community between the outfall of CNPP and other sampling sites, suggesting that the impact of the thermal discharge from the CNPP on local eukaryotic plankton community was limited.
Key words:    nuclear power plant|the Beibu Gulf|eukaryotic plankton community|high-throughput sequencing|picoplankton|nanoplankton   
Received: 2020-07-02   Revised: 2020-09-01
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