Cite this paper:
Yu YU, Yingxia LI, Bing LI, Yichao REN, Xiaoyu DONG. Identification and quantification of lead source in sediment in the northern East China Sea using stable lead isotopes[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2021, 39(5): 1887-1900

Identification and quantification of lead source in sediment in the northern East China Sea using stable lead isotopes

Yu YU, Yingxia LI, Bing LI, Yichao REN, Xiaoyu DONG
School of Marine Science and Engineering, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266237, China
Stable Pb isotopes in surface and core sediments were determined to identify the sources of Pb contaminants in the northern East China Sea (ECS). The Bayesian stable isotope mixing model was used to quantify the contributions of Pb sources. The results show that since the late 1980s, ratios of 207Pb/206Pb and 208Pb/206Pb increased in the top 34-cm sediment shown in the coastal core samples, reflecting elevated anthropogenic Pb input in coastal sea. Seaward increase of 207Pb/206Pb and 208Pb/206Pb ratios in surface sediments reveals that anthropogenic Pb came mainly via atmospheric transmission into the ECS. Anthropogenic sources accounted for 12.0%-21.1% of the total Pb in sediments after the 1990s. Coal combustion was the largest anthropogenic contributor (47.5%±18.8%), and Pb mining and smelting, cement production, and vehicle exhaust/gasoline contributed 23.2%±17.1%, 19.0%±13.0%, and 10.3%±6.9%, respectively. The proportions of the anthropogenic sources gradually increased while geogenic source (riverine sediment) decreased from the coast to the outer shelf. This study demonstrated that the significant influence of atmospheric input of Pb contaminants into the ECS, and also the urgent need to control coal combustion and Pb discharge from industrial dust and fume emission in China. It also highlights the promising application of the Simmr model to quantify the proportions of multiple sources of trace elements in an environment.
Key words:    lead contamination|Bayesian stable isotope mixing model|source quantification|surface sediment|core|Changjiang River estuary   
Received: 2020-07-24   Revised: 2020-09-09
PDF (2936 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Articles by Yu YU
Articles by Yingxia LI
Articles by Bing LI
Articles by Yichao REN
Articles by Xiaoyu DONG
Bäckström M, Karlsson S, Allard B. 2004. Metal leachability and anthropogenic signal in roadside soils estimated from sequential extraction and stable lead isotopes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 90(1-3):135-160.
Bollhöfer A, Rosman K J R. 2000. Isotopic source signatures for atmospheric lead:the southern Hemisphere. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64(19):3 251-3 262.
Chen J M, Tan M G, Li Y L, Zhang Y M, Lu W W, Tong Y P, Zhang G L, Li Y. 2005. A lead isotope record of shanghai atmospheric lead emissions in total suspended particles during the period of phasing out of leaded gasoline. Atmospheric Environment, 39(7):1 245-1 253.
Cheng H F, Hu Y A. 2010. Lead (Pb) isotopic fingerprinting and its applications in lead pollution studies in China:a review. Environmental Pollution, 158(5):1 134-1 146.
Choi M S, Yi H I, Yang S Y, Lee C B, Cha H J. 2007. Identification of Pb sources in Yellow Sea sediments using stable Pb isotope ratios. Marine Chemistry, 107(2):255-274.
Ettler V, Vaněk A, Mihaljevič M, Bezdička P. 2005. Contrasting lead speciation in forest and tilled soils heavily polluted by lead metallurgy. Chemosphere, 58(10):1 449-1 459.
Fortin J K, Farley S D, Rode K D, Robbins C T. 2007. Dietary and spatial overlap between sympatric ursids relative to salmon use. Ursus, 18(1):19-29.
Gobeil C, Johnson W K, Macdonald R W, Wong C S. 1995. Sources and burden of lead in St. Lawrence estuary sediments:isotopic evidence. Environmental Science & Technology, 29(1):193-201.
Handlogten M E, Shiraishi N, Awata H, Huang C F, Miller R T. 2000. Extracellular Ca2+-sensing receptor is a promiscuous divalent cation sensor that responds to lead. American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology, 279(6):F1 083-F1 091.
Hao Y C, Guo Z G, Yang Z S, Fan D J, Fang M, Li X D. 2008. Tracking historical lead pollution in the coastal area adjacent to the Yangtze River Estuary using lead isotopic compositions. Environmental Pollution, 156(3):1 325-1 331.
Hinrichs J, Dellwig O, Brumsack H J. 2002. Lead in sediments and suspended particulate matter of the German Bight:natural versus anthropogenic origin. Applied Geochemistry, 17(5):621-632.
Hopkins III J B, Ferguson J M. 2012. Estimating the diets of animals using stable isotopes and a comprehensive Bayesian mixing model. PLoS One, 7(1):e28478.
Hu B Q, Li G G, Li J, Bi J Q, Zhao J T, Bu R Y. 2012. Provenance and climate change inferred from Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes of late Quaternary sediments in the Huanghe(Yellow River) Delta, China. Quaternary Research, 78(3):561-571.
Hu D X, Yang Z S. 2001. Key processes of ocean flux in the East China Sea. China Ocean Press, Beijing, China. (in Chinese)
Hu N J, Huang P, Zhang H, Zhu A M, Liu J H, Zhang J, He L H. 2015a. Anthropogenic Pb input into Bohai Bay, China:evidence from stable Pb isotopic compositions in sediments. Continental Shelf Research, 109:188-197.
Hu N J, Peng H, Liu J H, Shi X F, Ma D Y, Zhu A M, Zhang J, Hui Z, He L H. 2015b. Tracking lead origin in the Yellow River Estuary and nearby Bohai Sea based on its isotopic composition. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 163:99-107.
Huh C A, Chen H Y. 1999. History of lead pollution recorded in East China Sea sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38(7):545-549.
Huh C A, Su C C. 1999. Sedimentation dynamics in the East China Sea elucidated from 210Pb, 137Cs and 239,240Pu. Marine Geology, 160(1-2):183-196.
Inger R, Ruxton G D, Newton J, Colhoun K, Robinson J A, Jackson A L, Bearhop S. 2006. Temporal and intrapopulation variation in prey choice of wintering geese determined by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75(5):1 190-1 200.
Keeling C D. 1961. The concentration and isotopic abundances of carbon dioxide in rural and marine air. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 24(3-4):277-298.
Komárek M, Ettler V, Chrastný V, Mihaljevič M. 2008. Lead isotopes in environmental sciences:a review. Environment International, 34(4):562-577.
Li H B, Yu S, Li G L, Deng H. 2012a. Lead contamination and source in Shanghai in the past century using dated sediment cores from urban park lakes. Chemosphere, 88(10):1 161-1 169.
Li Q, Cheng H G, Zhou T, Lin C Y, Guo S. 2012b. The estimated atmospheric lead emissions in China, 1990-2009. Atmospheric Environment, 60:1-8.
Liu J P, Xu K H, Li A C, Milliman J D, Velozzi D M, Xiao S B, Yang Z S. 2007. Flux and fate of Yangtze River sediment delivered to the East China Sea. Geomorphology, 85(3-4):208-224.
Moore J W, Semmens B X. 2008. Incorporating uncertainty and prior information into stable isotope mixing models. Ecology Letters, 11(5):470-480.
Mukai H, Tanaka A, Fujii T, Zeng Y Q, Hong Y T, Tang J, Guo S, Xue H S, Sun Z L, Zhou J T, Xue D M, Zhao J, Zhai G H, Gu J L, Zhai P Y. 2001. Regional characteristics of sulfur and lead isotope ratios in the atmosphere at several Chinese urban sites. Environmental Science & Technology, 35(6):1 064-1 071.
Müller B, Berg M, Yao Z P, Zhang X F, Wang D, Pfluger A. 2008. How polluted is the Yangtze River? Water quality downstream from the Three Gorges Dam. Science of the Total Environment, 402(2-3):232-247.
N'guessan Y M, Probst J L, Bur T, Probst A. 2009. Trace elements in stream bed sediments from agricultural catchments (Gascogne region, S-W France):where do they come from? Science of the Total Environment, 407(8):2 939-2 952.
Nriagu J O. 1990. The rise and fall of leaded gasoline. Science of the Total Environment, 92:13-28.
Otosaka S, Honda M C, Noriki S. 2004. La/Yb and Th/Sc in settling particles:vertical and horizontal transport of lithogenic material in the western North Pacific. Geochemical Journal, 38(6):515-525.
Parnell A C, Inger R, Bearhop S, Jackson A L. 2010. Source partitioning using stable isotopes:coping with too much variation. PLoS One, 5(3):e9672.
Parnell A C, Phillips D L, Bearhop S, Semmens B X, Ward E J, Moore J W, Jackson A L, Grey J, Kelly D J, Inger R. 2013. Bayesian stable isotope mixing models. Environmetrics, 24(6):387-399.
Phillips D L, Gregg J W. 2003. Source partitioning using stable isotopes:coping with too many sources. Oecologia, 136(2):261-269.
Phillips D L, Inger R, Bearhop S, Jackson A L, Moore J W, Parnell A C, Semmens B X, Ward E J. 2014. Best practices for use of stable isotope mixing models in food-web studies. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 92(10):823-835.
R Core Team. 2019. R:A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
Rahman Z, Singh V P. 2019. The relative impact of toxic heavy metals (THMs) (arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium(Cr) (VI), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb)) on the total environment:an overview. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191(7):419.
Reid D J, Quinn G P, Lake P S, Reich P. 2008. Terrestrial detritus supports the food webs in lowland intermittent streams of south-eastern Australia:a stable isotope study. Freshwater Biology, 53(10):2 036-2 050.
Robbins J A, Edgington D N. 1975. Determination of recent sedimentation rates in Lake Michigan using Pb-210 and Cs-137. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 39(3):285-304.
Rosman K J R, Taylor P D P. 1998. Isotopic compositions of the elements 1997 (Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 70(1):217-235.
Shan L, Jiang J S, Kang B, Wang J, Long W G, Ke X Z, Liu J J, Xu D M, Niu Z J. 2019. Metallogenic material sources of important non-ferrous metal deposits in northeastern Hunan Province:evidence from S and Pb isotopes. Geological Bulletin of China, 38(5):884-900. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Shen H T, Pan D A. 2011. Turbidity Maximum in the Changjiang Estuary. China Ocean Press, Beijing, China.(in Chinese)
Tribovillard N, Algeo T J, Lyons T, Riboulleau A. 2006. Trace metals as paleoredox and paleoproductivity proxies:an update. Chemical Geology, 232(1-2):12-32.
Wang B D, Wang X L, Zhan R. 2003. Nutrient conditions in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 58(1):127-136.
Weis D, Kieffer B, Maerschalk C, Barling J, De Jong J, Williams G A, Hanano D, Pretorius W, Mattielli N, Scoates J S, Goolaerts A, Friedman R M, Mahoney J B. 2006. High-precision isotopic characterization of USGS reference materials by TIMS and MC-ICP-MS. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 7(8):Q08006.
White W M, Albarède F, Télouk P. 2000. High-precision analysis of Pb isotope ratios by multi-collector ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 167(3-4):257-270.
Yu Y, Song J M, Duan L Q, Li X G, Yuan H M, Li N. 2014. Sedimentary trace-element records of natural and humaninduced environmental changes in the East China Sea. Journal of Paleolimnology, 52(4):277-292.
Yu Y, Song J M, Li X G, Duan L Q. 2012. Geochemical records of decadal variations in terrestrial input and recent anthropogenic eutrophication in the Changjiang Estuary and its adjacent waters. Applied Geochemistry, 27(8):1 556-1 566.
Yu Y, Song J M, Li X G, Yuan H M, Li N. 2013. Fractionation, sources and budgets of potential harmful elements in surface sediments of the East China Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 68(1-2):157-167.
Zaborska A, Carroll J, Papucci C, Pempkowiak J. 2007. Intercomparison of alpha and gamma spectrometry techniques used in 210Pb geochronology. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 93(1):38-50.
Zhang H B, Luo Y M, Wong M H, Zhao Q G, Zhang G L. 2007. Defining the geochemical baseline:a case of Hong Kong soils. Environmental Geology, 52(5):843-851.
Zheng J, Tan M G, Shibata T Y, Tanaka A, Li Y, Zhang G L, Zhang Y M, Shan Z C. 2004. Characteristics of lead isotope ratios and elemental concentrations in PM10 fraction of airborne particulate matter in Shanghai after the phase-out of leaded gasoline. Atmospheric Environment, 38(8):1 191-1 200.
Zhu C, Wang Z H, Xue B, Yu P S, Pan J M, Wagner T, Pancost R D. 2011. Characterizing the depositional settings for sedimentary organic matter distributions in the Lower Yangtze River-East China Sea Shelf System. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 93(3):182-191.
Copyright © Haiyang Xuebao