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Lin GONG, Swee-Cheng LIM, Mei YANG, Xinzheng LI. A new species of Macandrewia (Demospongiae, Tetractinellida, Macandrewiidae) from a seamount in the Western Pacific Ocean[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2021, 39(5): 1730-1739

A new species of Macandrewia (Demospongiae, Tetractinellida, Macandrewiidae) from a seamount in the Western Pacific Ocean

Lin GONG1,2, Swee-Cheng LIM5, Mei YANG1,2, Xinzheng LI1,2,3,4
1 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China;
4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
5 National University of Singapore, Tropical Marine Science Institute, Singapore 119227, Singapore
A new species of Macandrewia Gray from a seamount near Yap Trench in the Western Pacific Ocean was described. Macandrewia yapensis sp. nov. is distinct from its congeners by possessing a foliate shape with contorted lamellae, tuberculiform terminations of desmas, and unique size of spicules. This is the third species of Macandrewia described from the Pacific Ocean. In addition, a partial sequence of COI gene was obtained from the new specimen and then it submitted to GenBank. Phylogenetic tree constructed with the partial COI sequences appears to exhibit a more congruent relationship with morphological data of macandrewiid species compared to 28S gene tree.
Key words:    ‘Lithistid’ demosponges|morphological and molecular analyses|new species|Macandrewia yapensis sp. nov   
Received: 2021-02-04   Revised: 2021-02-25
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