Cite this paper:
Honghua SHI, Liting YIN, Meng GAO. Landscape changes and their ecological effects of Miaodao Archipelago with human disturbances and under natural conditions in the past 30 years[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2021, 39(3): 955-978

Landscape changes and their ecological effects of Miaodao Archipelago with human disturbances and under natural conditions in the past 30 years

Honghua SHI1,2, Liting YIN3, Meng GAO3,4
1 The First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China;
2 Laboratory for Marine Geology, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao), Qingdao 266061, China;
3 Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China;
4 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
The modern landscape patterns of islands usually show obvious spatial heterogeneity and complex ecological effects due to the vulnerability of ecosystems with natural characteristics under increasing human activities. In this work, we studied the variation in landscape pattern of the Miaodao Archipelago in Bohai Sea, North China, from 1990 to 2019, and an evaluation index system was established to explore the impacts of natural conditions and human disturbances on the ecological effects in the pressure-state-response (PSR) framework. Empirical analysis was conducted on the natural conditions, human disturbances, and ecological effects. The results show that forest was the main component of the landscape pattern in the archipelago. Both of the areas of forest and construction land were increasing, and the areas of cropland and grassland were declining. Other landscape types changed slightly, and the landscape fragmentation was increasing. The natural condition exhibited positive effects while human disturbance showed negative effects on the local ecology. Human disturbances come mainly from shoreline use while the natural conditions were mainly from the elevation change. The ecological effects were resulted mainly from the net primary productivity and water yield.
Key words:    Miaodao Archipelago|landscape pattern|ecological effect|structural equation modeling   
Received: 2020-04-28   Revised: 2020-06-08
PDF (3115 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Articles by Honghua SHI
Articles by Liting YIN
Articles by Meng GAO
Anderson J C, Gerbing D W. 1988. Structural equation modeling in practice:a review and recommended twostep approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3):411-423,
Chen L D, Sun R H, Liu H L. 2013. Eco-environmental effects of urban landscape pattern changes:progresses, problems, and perspectives. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(4):1 042-1 050, (in Chinese with English abstract)
Chi Y, Shi H H, Guo Z, Ding D W. 2015. Connotation, features and causes of island ecological vulnerability.Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 37(12):93-105, (in Chinese with English abstract)
Chi Y, Shi H H, Wang X L, Qin X B, Zheng W, Peng S T. 2016.Impact factors identification of spatial heterogeneity of herbaceous plant diversity on five southern islands of Miaodao Archipelago in North China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 34(5):937-951,
Chi Y, Shi H H, Wang Y Y, Guo Z, Ma D M. 2017. Evaluation on spatial heterogeneity of island ecosystem carrying capacity-A case study of southern Miaodao Archipelago.China Environmental Science, 37(03):1 188-1 200, (in Chinese with English abstract)
Cook E A. 2002. Landscape structure indices for assessing urban ecological networks. Landscape and Urban Planning, 58(2-4):269-280,
Du J, Li P Y. 2010. On the building of risk assessment system for geological hazards of island. Ocean Development and Management, 27(Z1):80-82, (in Chinese with English abstract)
Fuh B P. 1981. On the calculation of the evaporation from land surface. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica, 5(1):23-31. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Jupiter S, Mangubhai S, Kingsford R T. 2014. Conservation of biodiversity in the Pacific Islands of Oceania:challenges and opportunities. Pacific Conservation Biology, 20(2):206-220,
Katovai E, Burley A L, Mayfield M M. 2012. Understory plant species and functional diversity in the degraded wet tropical forests of Kolombangara Island, Solomon Islands.Biological Conservation, 145(1):214-224,
Li F, Ye Y P, Song B W, Wang R S. 2011. Spatial structure of urban ecological land and its dynamic development of ecosystem services:a case study in Changzhou City, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31(19):5 623-5 631. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Lin M T, Sun H, Guo B. 2010. Landscape pattern change of tourism-type islands in Fujian province:taking Meizhou Island, the Mazu holy land, as an example. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 29(7):1 414-1 419. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Ma X, De Jong M, Sun B Q, Bao X. 2020. Nouveauté or Cliché? Assessment on island ecological vulnerability to Tourism:application to Zhoushan, China. Ecological Indicators, 113:106247,
McKinney M L. 2002. Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation. Bioscience, 52(10):883-890,[0883:ubac];2.
Nogué S, De Nascimento L, Fernández-Palacios J M, Whittaker R J, Willis K J. 2013. The ancient forests of La Gomera, Canary Islands, and their sensitivity to environmental change. Journal of Ecology, 101(2):368-377,
Potter C S, Randerson J T, Field C B, Matson P A, Vitousek P M, Mooney H A, Klooster S A. 1993. Terrestrial ecosystem production:a process model based on global satellite and surface data. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 7(4):811-841.
Paulay G. 1994. Biodiversity on oceanic islands:its origin and extinction1. American Zoologist, 34(1):134-144,
Qie L, Lee T M, Sodhi N S, Lim S L H. 2011. Dung beetle assemblages on tropical land-bridge islands:small island effect and vulnerable species. Journal of Biogeography, 38(4):792-804,
Särkinen T, Pennington R T, Lavin M, Simon M F, Hughes C E. 2012. Evolutionary islands in the Andes:persistence and isolation explain high endemism in Andean dry tropical forests. Journal of Biogeography, 39(5):884-900,
Shi H H, Wang X L, Wang A, Liu Z Y, Ma D M. 2013. Storage and drivers of forests carbon on the Beichangshan Island of Miaodao Archipelago. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(19):6 363-6 372, Chinese with English abstract)
Shi H H, Zheng W, Wang X L, Huo Y Z, Chi Y. 2017.Investigation and Assessment of Carbon Sequestration Biological Resources of Typical Island Ecosystems in Northern China. Ocean Press, Beijing. p.42-43. (in Chinese)
Shimizu Y. 2005. A vegetation change during a 20-year period following two continuous disturbances (mass-dieback of pine trees and typhoon damage) in the Pinus-Schima secondary forest on Chichijima in the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands:which won, advanced saplings or new seedlings? Ecological Research, 20(6):708-725,
Sun R, Wu Z X, Chen B Q, Yang C, Qi D L, Lan G Y, Fraedrich K. 2020. Effects of land-use change on eco-environmental quality in Hainan Island, China. Ecological Indicators, 109:105777,
Sun S G, Kang J, Wang W W, Wang C J, Fu Y B, Li P Y, Suo A N. 2015. Effect of topographical factors on spatial characteristics of island vegetation landscape heterogeneity:a case study with Dachangshan Island.Chinese Journal of Ecology, 34(6):1 705-1 712. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Tzanopoulos J, Vogiatzakis I N. 2011. Processes and patterns of landscape change on a small Aegean island:the case of Sifnos, Greece. Landscape and Urban Planning, 99(1):58-64,
Vogiatzakis I, Pungetti G, Mannion A M. 2008. Mediterranean Island Landscapes. Springer, Dordrecht,
Wang C Y, Zhang J, Xin H M, Fu J. 2008. Ecological risk assessment of island exploitation based on landscape pattern. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 28(6):2 811-2 817, (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang X L, Wang A, Shi H H, Zheng W, Zhou R. 2014.Discussion of carbon sequestration estimates in the island terrestrial ecosystems. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 34(1):88-96, (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wischmeier W H, Smith D D. 1958. Rainfall energy and its relationship to soil loss. Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 39(2):285-291,
Yang J, Zhu Y L, He R. 2016. SEM model and evaluation method for operational effectiveness assessment of equipment system. Command Control and Simulation, 38(2):33-36, Chinese with English abstract)
Copyright © Haiyang Xuebao